Before I get the Privates, however, I found another (potential) officer amongst the names I was researching for this post. I will feature him first and try to sort out the tangles of his records.
William D. Reece enlisted as a Private 10 August 1861 as a 35-year-old. There is conflicting data in his record, so there may actually be two men who served with this name or there may be an error in one or more of his records.
In November of 1861, William is listed as being "present" and "in charge of company stores sent from N. Carolina." His rank is still listed as "Private," but his job description seems to be similar to that of a Quartermaster. Perhaps he had fewer duties or supplies to keep up with than a Quartermaster? Or maybe he wasn't in charge of any financial transactions as a Quartermaster would have been?
There is no other mention of William again until 24 May 1862, when he is admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 4 at Richmond with acute diarrhea. He stays at Chimborazo for what appears to be a week before being sent to Lynchburg. It is unclear whether or not he ever made it to Lynchburg.
On 4 June 1862, he is admitted to the C.S.A. General Hospital at Danville with typhoid fever. This is the first time William appears with a title. He is listed as a Corporal.
Then, it gets really conflicting. He is listed as having died 15 June 1862 at Jamestown, Virginia. Then, on 17 June 1862, he is listed as having deserted from the Danville hospital. Then, he is listed as having died (again?) on 3 August 1862. All of these acts were also listed with him as a Corporal.
So, did he really die in June? Or did he desert? Did he even die in August? Was he ever a Corporal, or is this the service and experience of a different man? Further investigations would be required to get his story straightened out.
98.) John C. Lane enlisted with the Company on 10 June 1861 as a 42 or 44-year-old for a term of one year. His record is a little confusing though. On 13 June 1862, he is listed as having been discharged due to the expiration of his one-year commitment to the Company, but then, on 17 September 1862, he is marked has having died in service. Until there is proof otherwise, I think his death was marked in error and that he truly was discharged in June.
99.) Bartley Yancey Langley enlisted on 10 June 1861 as a 36-year-old. Bartley seems to stay out of trouble for the first year of the War, but by 29 June 1862, he shows up in his first hospital. He is admitted to the C.S.A. General Hospital at Danville with rheumatism. By 15 July 1862, he is listed as having deserted from the hospital.
In September 1862, his Company still marks him as absent due to sickness. It is unclear whether or not this is in reference to the previously mentioned rheumatism or if this is a new occurrence or illness.
By October 1862, his status changes from "sick" to "wounded." This leads me to believe that, at some point between September and October, Bartley made it back to his Company and was able to fight for some time before being sent back to the hospital with his injuries.
During the remainder of Fall and Winter, I do not see a mention of Bartley, but by 11 March 1863, he is back in the hospital. He is admitted with pneumonia at Chimborazo Hospital No. 3 at Richmond. One month later, he is transferred to Raleigh; afterwards, there is no mention of him for a full year.
Bartley is marked "present" for the months of July through October 1864, and I assume he stays "present" up until his capture at Appomattox on 3 April 1865.
After his capture, Bartley is held at City Point for a week before being sent to Hart's Island in New York Harbor. From Hart's Island, he was assigned to the 29th under Captain Sherman as of 6 June 1865. He was released 19 June 1865, upon signing the Oath of Allegiance.
100.) E. Tyson Langley enlisted 10 June 1861. Unlike some of his fellow soldiers who served their contracted terms and then were granted discharge, Tyson seemed to stay on longer than his contracted one-year term. This proved a poor decision in his case.
On 30 June 1862, he was admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 4 with a gunshot wound to his right hand. He was injured in the Battle of Chickahominy. The surgeon completed a forearm amputation the day after he was admitted. Three weeks later, the surgeon requested Tyson be discharged as a result of his injuries. He was officially discharged on 21 July 1862.
101. ) William T. Laughlin enlisted as a 19-year-old on 10 June 1861. He is marked "present" with the Company up until 2 February 1862 when he is discharged with an unnamed "disability." (He is also marked "discharged" again on 3 July 1862, but I believe this was done in error.)
102.) Austin W. Lawrence was a 16-year-old farmer when he enlisted with the Company on 6 March 1862. Austin's first year in the War is a seemingly uneventful one. Then, on 1 July 1863, he is wounded and captured at Gettysburg. He is sent to Fort McHenry in Maryland for about a week before being transferred to Fort Delaware, located in Delaware.
Austin stays at Fort Delaware for about three months before finally being transferred back to Maryland to Point Lookout. Austin stayed at Point Lookout up until he was finally sent to Camp Lee, located near Richmond, on 13 February 1865, for a prisoner exchange. Austin is finally released and paroled on 18 February 1865.
103.) James P. Lowe was a 22-year-old when he enlisted in the War on 6 March 1862. James died just one month later on 26 April 1862 at Ashland, Virginia. His cause of death is not mentioned.
Also in James' file is a settlement Wm. R. Horden filed with the Office of Confederate States Auditor for the War Department on behalf of James. The relationship of Wm. is listed as "gdn." I am unsure if this means "grand-nephew" or some other such relationship.
104.) A. Manis enlisted on 13 March 1863 as a 38-year-old conscript. The only record in his file lists him as a deserter.
105.) A. Green McDaniel enlisted as a 36-year-old on 6 January 1862. His file is relatively short only containing a few months worth of records. In September 1862, he is listed as being "Absent WithOut Leave." By October, his file changes to say he "deserted." There is a mention that he deserted twice during the War, but I do not see a mention of when each occurrence was or for how long he deserted the first time before returning.
The last thing in his file is a record showing his name appearing on the parole of POWs belonging to the Army of Northern Virginia being surrendered at Greensboro, North Carolina on 10 May 1865.
106.) Calvin McLemore enlisted 13 March 1863 as a conscript. He was 24 years old when he enlisted. The only record in his file lists him as a deserter.
107.) William McNeil enlisted with the Randolph Hornets on 13 March 1863 as a conscript. His file is relatively small. Only a receipt for clothing and his initial profile information are included.
108.) William O'Dear enlisted 13 March 1863 as a 38-year-old conscript. He is shown being "present" through 15 October 1864 when he is granted a sick furlough for an unmentioned reason. It does not mention whether or not William ever returns to his Company after his furlough.
109.) James Oda's file only consists of one file. It states that James was a Prisoner of War being held at Fort Delaware since 16 September 186(presumably 2). It also states that he was sent to Aiken's Landing, Virginia on 2 October 1862. Finally, it states that he was sent to Boonsboro on 10 November 1862 in an exchange from Aiken's Landing.
110.) W. A. Oseley also only has one card in his file. It states that he was captured on 3 April 1865 at Petersburg. It also states he was held at City Point, Virginia for about a week before being sent to Hart's Island, located in New York Harbor. Finally, it states that he was assigned to the 29th under Captain Sherman on 6 June 1865. He was released 19 June 1865, presumably because the War had ended.
111.) Alvens Pen was a 26-year-old when he volunteered with the Hornets on 6 March 1862. His time in the War was extremely short as he was killed on 31 May 1862 at the battle at Seven Pines.
112.) James Perry enlisted on 21 September 1863. His file is small and only contains a receipt and a mention that James died on 20 July 1864. The place or cause of his death are not mentioned.
113.) Alpheus Pugh was a 26-year-old farmer when he enlisted on 6 March 1862 with the 22nd North Carolina Infantry, Company M. He did not fight long in the War. He was wounded and captured at Seven Pines and admitted to the U.S.A. General Hospital at Fort Monroe, Chesapeake, Virginia on 8 June 1862 with a gunshot wound. Alpheus died less than a month later, sometime between 25 June and 7 July 1862, at the same hospital.
Also in Alpheus' file is a settlement his widow, Sarah Pugh, filed with the Office of Confederate States Auditor for the War Department on behalf of Alpheus.
114.) Daniel P. Pulley enlisted with the Company relatively late in the War. He enlisted on 1 July 1864. He still sees his fair share of action despite his short stent in the War. On 3 April 1865, Daniel is captured at Appomattox. He was held at City Point, Virginia for about a week before being sent to Hart's Island at New York Harbor. Like W. A. Oseley, he was assigned to the 29th under Captain Sherman on 6 June 1865. He was released 19 June 1865 when he signed the Oath of Allegiance.
Unlike the other men in the Company who were from Randolph County, North Carolina, Daniel lists that he was from Granville County, North Carolina.
115.) Marshall S. Ranes enlisted 10 June 1861 as a 19-year-old. He seemed to have a quiet year for his first year; then, he seems to move around a lot. In September and October 1862, he is listed as being "absent" due to being wounded. I don't find him in any hospitals during this time though. On 10 November 1862, he is shown has returning to duty from the Winder Hospital in Richmond. Disease or complaint is not mentioned.
Marshall seems to have a rather peaceful Spring as he does not appear in any records again until he is captured at Gettysburg on 3 July 1863. After his capture, he is held at Fort McHenry, located in Maryland, for a week before being sent to Fort Delaware in Delaware. Marshall stayed at Fort Delaware until he was transferred to Point Lookout, located back in Maryland, on 18 October 1863. Not long after he arrives at Point Lookout, he is transferred to the Hammond U.S.A. General Hospital located at Point Lookout with pneumonia. No doubt all of that moving back and forth from the different POW camps caused it!
He stays in the hospital until 12 January 1864 when they finally send him back to the camp at Point Lookout. Just two weeks later, Marshall signs the Oath of Allegiance and joins the U.S. Military. There is no mention of which unit he joined or if he ever actually made it to his commanding officer. I like to think he probably just signed the Oath to get out of the camp before running back home, but further investigations would need to be done before being able to confirm or deny anything.
116.) Joseph M. Reese enlisted as an 18-year-old on 6 January 1862. While there was no mention in his file as to the length of time he intended to serve, he was discharged due to his age and the expiration of service just a few months later on 13 June 1862.
117.) S. M. Robbins was 21 when he enlisted with the Randolph Hornets on 6 March 1862. His file merely mentions that he was wounded once in battle during his service. It does not mention the date, place, or severity of his wound(s).
118.) William Thomas Robbins enlisted 6 March 1862 as an 18 or 19-year-old. He seemed to have a rather uneventful first year in the War. Then, after a gunshot wound and subsequent thigh amputation (it is unclear if the gunshot removed his leg or if his leg was removed later at the hospital) sustained at the battle at Chancellorsville, William died at Camp Winder General Hospital in Richmond. His records state that he was engaged in six battles before his death.
119.) Aaron Routh enlisted as a substitute soldier when he was 17-years-old on 6 March 1862. By 11 April 1862, Aaron was admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 3 in Richmond with an unmentioned ailment. He returned to duty just four days later.
In July 1862, he is listed as being absent from his Company, again due to illness. There is no mention of his disease for this stay either.
Then, on 9 August 1862, he is admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 1 in Richmond. His diagnosis is debility. Less than a week later, Aaron is transferred to the General Hospital at Farmville. Finally, on 3 September 1862, Aaron is discharged from the military due to rheumatism affecting the muscles of the spine. They make a note several times clarifying that Aaron stated he was "sound" when he enlisted.
120.) George E. Routh enlisted when he was 17-years-old on 10 June 1861. As were many other men in the Company, George was sent sick to Fredricksburg on 28 August 1861.
died 8 jul 1862.
Also in George's file is a settlement his father, Moses, filed with the Office of Confederate States Auditor for the War Department on behalf of his son
There is also a note in George's file that says to see the personal papers of James T. Watson, Private, 20th North Carolina Infantry - Company C. James was killed at Cold Harbor on 27 Jun 1862. It seems both George and James' fathers filed for their settlements on the same day. Their records are recorded on the same page.
121.) Jesse Routh enlisted on 10 June 1861. He was 40-years-old at the time of his enlistment. His file is relatively small and simply lists that he died sometime between 30 April and 16 May 1862.
Also in James' file is a settlement his father, Joshua, filed with the Office of Confederate States Auditor for the War Department on behalf of his son.
122.) Joseph Alson Routh was 23-years-old when he enlisted with the Randolph Hornets on 6 March 1862. By 30 June 1862, Joseph is admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 5 at Richmond with a flesh wound in his arm. The next day, he is transferred to the hospital at Danville.
I don't see Joseph in the records again until September when he gets admitted to the General Hospital at Staunton, Virginia. In October 1862, he is still listed as being at the hospital, but he seems to be employed by the hospital as a guard. His own company doesn't seem to know what happened to him. In July and September, he had been marked "AWOL," and by October, he was marked a deserter.
In December 1862, Joseph is still seen being in the Staunton hospital. He is shown as recovering from the measles. I'm unsure how long it generally takes one to recover from the measles, but he is still listed as "improving" in April 1863. Joseph is no longer mentioned in the records after this.
123.) Joshua M. Routh enlisted as a 21-year-old on 10 June 1861. Joshua appears absent due to being sick in September 1862. He is listed as having deserted twice. I am unsure when one of the desertions occurred, but this is what I know.
Joshua was "present" from June to August 1861. There is no record of him from August 1861 to September 1862 (when he appeared as being "sick"). There is no mention of him from October 1862 to June 1864. Perhaps his first desertion occurred during this time frame? He is "present" from July to October 1864. There is no mention of him from November 1864 to February 1865. On 27 February 1865, Joshua deserts his Company (for the second time?) and takes the Oath of Allegiance with the Provost Marshal General in Washington, D.C. He was subsequently "furnished" to Lafayette County, Illinois.
124.) Wesley P. Routh enlisted when he was only 16-years-old on 25 February 1862. He died a little more than a month later on 15 April 1862 at Ashland, Virginia, just 11 days prior to fellow Private, James P. Lowe.
125.) William C. Routh was 26-years-old when he enlisted with the Company on 10 June 1861. William served as the brigade teamster for at least the months of December 1861 and January 1862. As I mentioned before, some of his other fellow Privates were also listed as "teamster" during this time. I am curious how many teamsters a brigade generally employed.
On 20 May 1862, William is admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 1 with diarrhea. In about two weeks time, on 3 June 1862, he returns to duty from the hospital. By July, he is once again listed as being sick and absent from his Company. Then, on 15 August 1862, he is admitted to the General Hospital at Camp Winder with typhoid fever. One month later, on 24 September 1862, he is furloughed from Camp Winder for 30 days as a result of his typhoid.
I see no mention of William after his furlough until 7 October 1864 when he is listed as being "absent" with his Company due to being "under arrest." I have never seen that phrase used in regards to a Private in the War before. I've seen "captured," "in the hands of the enemy," and other such phrases, but I've never heard of someone being arrested.
On 31 December 1864, he is shown to be sent from the U.S. Headquarters to Captain Potter at City Point. The next day, he took the Oath of Allegiance at City Point. Just a few days later, on 4 January 1865, he is listed as having been transferred to Morgan County, Illinois. I am unsure whether he was "released" as a POW and sent to Illinois instead of being allowed to go home, or if he officially "deserted" and was sent to Illinois as a rebel refugee. His file does list him as having deserted twice, but I haven't found record of either desertion, unless you count him taking the Oath as one of the times.
126.) William R. Routh enlisted on 10 June 1861 as a 37-year-old. His file is relatively small. He appears as "present" for a few months, then it has his discharge papers. William was discharged 13 June 1862 after successfully completing his contracted one year of service.
- Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of North Carolina (accessed on Fold3)