First, before I get to the Privates, I found another officer who should be mentioned.
John R. Coble enlisted as a 19-year-old with the Randolph Hornets on 10 June 1861 as a 1st Corporal. At some point, however, he was marked down to a Private. I can not find any reference to the reason for his losing his rank, but I do find that he served as a wagonmaster for most of the rest of the War. (The dates mentioned for him as a wagonmaster include July 1862 through December 1863.) In August 1863, he was listed as a camp guard for Company C, but this could have been a mistake.
In January 1864, John was granted the role of clerk and he served as acting Quartermaster Sergeant. The Quartermaster Sergeant was responsible for any supplies, whether they be stationery, oxen, food, clothing, etc., required of the unit. From July to October 1864, he is listed as being present with the Quartermaster's Department with the Reserve Ordnance forage train. He was serving with Wilcox's Division near Petersburg, Virginia.
There is no mention of John's location between October and February, but he seems to be back to his role as wagonmaster in February 1865.
The final record of him in his file mentions his parole on 8 May 1865 at Greensboro.
2.) Simon E. Allen enlisted as an 18-year-old on 6 March 1862. He may have been a substitute soldier. I'm not sure his story in who he might have replaced, but this is the first soldier I have seen in this unit who is listed as a "substitute" instead of a "volunteer."
Simon was listed as being "absent" in September 1862 due to sickness. I do not find him listed in any hospital though. I do find him being paroled as a POW at Warrenton, Virginia on 29 September 1862. I find in other records that he was captured at Manassas, which took place in July 1862. It is likely, if he was "sick" in 1862, he was in a POW hospital.
I lose Simon for the time between his parol in September 1862 and April 1864. He is listed as a deserter of the 31st North Carolina Infantry, Company M. I don't know where this information came from, but I can not find him listed in the 31st North Carolina Infantry. The records after that are fairly brief.
He was listed as being captured at Coal Harbor on 9 June 1864. On 15 June 1864, he arrived at the White House as a POW. On 20 June 1864, he was released from Point Lookout, Maryland, supposedly, to join the Union Army. I have not found any records of him in the Union Army though.
3.) Benjamin F. Allred enlisted with the Randolph Hornets on 10 June 1861. By November 1861, Benjamin is listed as being sick. Apparently, he stays sick for quite some time. On 5 June 1862, he is transferred out of Chimborazo Hospital No. 5 (in Richmond) and sent to Lynchburg.
Between 31 August 1862 and 20 October 1862, he is listed as being sick or wounded at Receiving and Wayside Hospital (also known as General Hospital No. 9) and General Hospital No. 1. On 24 October 1862, he was furloughed for 30 days by Surgeon, C. B. Gibson.
Benjamin disappears from the records after that. There are absolutely no records from October 1862 to July 1864, but in July 1864, he appears as being absent since 1 August 1862. On another, undated, record, he is listed as being AWOL. The final record in his file states he was paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina on 22 May 1865.
Also in Calvin's file is a settlement Calvin's father, John, filed with the Office of Confederate States Auditor for the War Department on behalf of his son. There is also a file that lists him as a deserter of the 31st North Carolina Infantry, Company M -- same as was found in Simon Allen's file -- but it was dated for a time period after Calvin's death.
5.) Emsley Allred enlisted as a 30-year-old on March 1862. His service records are also very brief. It mentions he was in three battles (battle names and/or locations not mentioned), but he is also listed as being killed at Seven Pines, Virginia on 31 May 1862.
In July 1862, he is listed as being MIA, but he had already died about a month before. Perhaps they didn't get the memo.
On 8 April 1862, he was admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 5 in Richmond, Virginia with rubeola. Then, on 6 June 1862, he is admitted to the General Hospital at Farmville, Virginia with the measles.
On 12 June 1862, he returned to duty, but he didn't remain active for long.
In September 1862, he is listed as being "absent" again due to being sick. I can't find any records of him being admitted to any hospital though until 29 October 1862, when he is admitted to Winder Hospital Division 5. His illness is not mentioned. One month later, he returns to duty. Two weeks later, on 15 December 1862, he is admitted to General Hospital No. 1. About two weeks later, he is admitted to General Hospital No. 10. Five days later, on 7 January 1863, he is admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 3 in Richmond with "debilitor." ("Debility" meant "weakness" or "feebleness.")
On 16 (or 17) January 1863, he returned to duty.
Then, he seems to have an uneventful year and a half. He doesn't show up in records (for his unit, a hospital, or otherwise) until 1 June 1864 when he is captured at Coal Harbor. Just like Simon Allen, who was captured there one week later, James was released at Point Lookout, Maryland in order to join the Union Army. I do not find him in any Union troops though.
His records also mention he was "wounded twice." I haven't found any records indicating his wound(s) yet.
On 5 May 1864, he is listed as being a POW. His service records show he was captured 12 May 1864 in Spottsylvania. It also shows he was captured again on 23 May 1864 at North Anna River. I wonder if he was indeed captured at both places and managed to escape in the days in between.
By 30 May 1864, he is listed as having arrived, assumedly as a POW, in Port Royal, Virginia. He remains a POW through October. On 31 October 1864, he is present at Camp Lee, near Richmond, as a POW. He remains there until 17 January 1865 when he is exchanged at Point Lookout, Maryland.
Upon the exchange, he almost immediately gets admitted to the Receiving and Wayside Hospital (General Hospital No. 9) at Richmond. I don't know what his illness or injury was, but he seems to have stayed there until he was paroled at Greensboro on 10 May 1865.
8.) William F. Allred enlisted on 10 August 1861. He doesn't seem to have a very eventful first year in the War, as he does not appear in any of the records until the next June. He appears as being "wounded" on 26 June 1862 (perhaps as a result of the Seven Days Battle). It does not mention if he was present in any hospitals or provided any leave as a result of his wound(s), but he is absent through September 1862 when he shows up being paroled as a POW at a Camp near Sharpsburg, Maryland.
William does not appear in any records between his parol in 1862 and 27 May 1864 when he is admitted as a patient at the 1st Division General Hospital, Howard's Grove in Richmond. (It seems he was transferred to there from the 2nd Division General Hospital, but I don't see any records of him there.) One month later, he is furloughed for 30 days from the Howard's Grove Hospital. That's the last record that mentions William in the War.
Also in Alfred's file is a settlement Alfred's mother, Elizabeth, filed with the Office of Confederate States Auditor for the War Department on behalf of her son.
Thomas does not appear in any records again until July of 1864 when he appears as being present with the Company. The rest of his time in the War seems to have been rather uneventful, but his record does show he was wounded once during his service. I have not found any details about his injury yet.
Also in John's file is a settlement John's widow, Elizabeth, filed with the Office of Confederate States Auditor for the War Department on behalf of her late husband. Also, unlike most of the men in this unit who were born in Randolph County, John was listed as being born in Cumberland County, North Carolina.
13.) Nathan David Barker enlisted as a 27-year-old on 10 June 1861. Nathan seems to have stayed out of any necessary action until July 1862. At that time, he shows up as being sick at the Brigade Hospital. The next month, he is admitted to the Chimborazo Hospital No. 1 with chronic rheumatism. He gets discharged two weeks later on 2 September 1862.
Nathan does not show up in records again until Gettysburg. He shows up as being captured at Gettysburg on 5 July 1863. On 18 July 1863, he is diagnosed as having angioleucitis (inflammation of lymphatic vessels) following an amputation of his great toe. This disease seems to have been severe enough, because he died just two weeks later on 4 August 1863. The official cause of death is listed as a gunshot wound, so I wonder if the toe was amputated because of the gunshot.
Nathan's records also indicate that he was buried at Chester Cemetery in grave 121.
14.) William C. Birne enlisted with the Company on 1 May 1864. His service records only contain one page, a record that he was "present" for the months of September and October 1864. No other record exists.
15.) York Braxton enlisted with the Company as an 18-year-old on 6 May 1862. His service records also only have one page. The record states he died from wounds he received in battle (but it doesn't mention which battle). It also mentions he served in five battles before his death.
16.) Abraham Breedlove enlisted on 9 January 1864. He does not appear in any records until October 1864. He is listed as being "under arrest since 7 October 1864." Apparently, Abraham didn't handle being a POW very well. On 31 December 1864, he decided to "desert" the Rebel Army. He, apparently, informed his captors at the Army of Potomac Headquarters, and they sent him to Captain Potter at City Point, Virginia.
On 1 January 1865, he signed the Oath of Amnesty at City Point. The next day, he was sent to Washington, and another two days later he was sent to Morgan County, Illinois. Abraham disappears from the War records after that.
His records state his effects were given to his friends before death. Somehow, this seems out of character for captors.
18.) Joseph Breedlove enlisted 6 February 1864. Joseph seems to have stayed out of trouble for his months of service. The only times he shows up in the records as being sick of an unnamed disease at an unnamed hospital for at least from 1 July 1864 through October 1864. The only other record in his file shows his parole at Greensboro on 16 May 1865. His service seems to have been rather uneventful.
19.) Henry Brewer enlisted on 22 January 1863. He is listed as being under arrest since 7 October 1864. On 3 April 1865, he was captured at Petersburg. He was sent from City Point, Virginia to Hart's Island, New York on 11 April 1865. He is listed as having been released on 19 June 1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance.
Unlike most of the other men in the Company, he is listed as living in Moore County, North Carolina at the time of his enlistment. The record doesn't seem to fit with the other records in his file, so it is possible the information was incorrectly filed. There is also a record in his file that lists him as a deserter that completed no service; none of the other records in his file support this information.
Unlike most of the other men in the Company, he is listed as living in Moore County, North Carolina at the time of his enlistment. The record doesn't seem to fit with the other records in his file, so it is possible the information was incorrectly filed.
21.) Peter P. Brown enlisted on 10/15 May 1864. He is listed as being "absent" since 10 June 1864, but I don't find him in another record until 16 June 1864 when he is admitted to the General Hospital Camp Winder at Richmond for an unnamed ailment. He stays there at least through 30 June 1864.
By September 1864, he has made it back to his unit. Things seem rather uneventful for Peter until he is captured at Petersburg on 2 April 1865. After his capture, he is sent to City Point, Virginia. He stayed at Point Lookout, Maryland until he signed the Oath of Allegiance on 24 June 1865. At that time, he was released as a Prisoner of War.
22.) Riley J. Brown enlisted 13 March 1863. He quickly gets taken prisoner. He is captured 3/5 July 1863 at Gettysburg. A couple of days later, he is exchanged from Fort McHenry, Maryland and sent to Fort Delaware, Delaware. At this time, he is also listed as being a hospital steward. I wonder why or how he ended up in that role.
He doesn't spend long at Fort Delaware. He is paroled on 31 July 1863.
Riley must have been sick while he was serving as a hospital steward though, because the next day, he is admitted to the Confederate States Hospital at Petersburg, Virginia. He is listed as a Sergeant when he is admitted to the hospital. I wonder if they miswrote "steward" and put "sergeant" or if he had in fact been promoted. No other mention of a promotion is found for Riley.
Riley gets furloughed, assumedly for medical reasons, on 18 September 1863. After this, he does not appear in any rolls again until 1864 when he is listed AWOL from 1 May to 1 September 1864. He does not appear in any rolls after this time.
23.) W. P. Bryant enlisted sometime before July 1862. His records only contain one file that states he died at Richmond sometime before July 1862.
Then, on 11 July 1863, he is admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 5 at Richmond with a gunshot wound to his left thigh. A week later, he is granted furlough for 40 days. John does not appear in the records again after his furlough.
Also in Samuel's file is a settlement Samuel's widow, Cathrine, filed with the Office of Confederate States Auditor for the War Department on behalf of her late husband.
Unlike most of the other men in the Company, he is listed as living in Rockingham County, North Carolina at the time of his enlistment.
30.) H. Spain Carroll enlisted as a 19 or 20-year-old on 6 March 1862, possibly as a substitute soldier. He is not mentioned in the records until 7 September 1862 when he is admitted to the General Hospital Camp Winder with diarrhea. He stays in the hospital for about a month and is released on 15/16 October 1862.
The only other thing mentioned in his file is that he was engaged in seven battles before he was killed at Chancellorsville in May of 1863.
After his run with the hospital in Richmond, he seems to have switched from being a "Private" to being a "Musician." There is never any mention of what kind of musician he was or his instrument, but he doesn't appear to have served as a musician long. On 20 June 1862, just two days after being released from the hospital at Danville, Wesley is discharged from the military due to his age, the term of his service, and the company being full.
One month later, he was transferred to the P. L. Hospital. (I don't know which hospital this is, but Point Lookout would match the initials. Since he wasn't a POW, I doubt he would have been at Point Lookout.)
34.) Riley Coble enlisted as a 19-year-old on 6 March 1862. Riley definitely did not have a pleasant time in the War. There is no mention of his whereabouts from March to September, but in September 1862, Riley is listed as being absent due to being sick. The first time I find him in a hospital, however, was 18 October 1862 when he was admitted to the General Hospital at Camp Winder in Richmond, Virginia with bronchitis. One week later, he was furloughed for what was supposed to be 30 days, but he ended up getting what seemed to be an extension of an extra week.
I do not see Riley in any records after his furlough until he shows back up in the hospital in July. On 12 July 1863, he is admitted to the C.S.A. General Hospital at Charlottesville, Virginia with a gunshot wound. The next day, he is transferred to the General Hospital at Lynchburg, Virginia. He does not seem to stay in Lynchburg long though (if he ever made it there) because, on 15 July 1863, he is admitted to the C.S.A. General Hospital at Farmville, Virginia with debilitas. Perhaps the case was so severe, or perhaps because of his preexisting gunshot wound, he stayed in the hospital until 21 September 1863.
Once again, Riley does not show up in the records again until he winds up back in the hospital on 3 June 1864. This time he is admitted to the Receiving and Wayside Hospital in Richmond, Virginia. There is no mention of his ailment, that is, until the next day when he is seen at the C.S.A. General Hospital at Danville with a gunshot wound to his left hand. A few days later, Riley is furloughed again for an unmentioned timespan.
While Riley seems to have not made it back to his unit by 20 August 1864 (he is listed as AWOL), he is listed as "present" for the months of September and October. That's the last time we see Riley mentioned in the War other than his parole at Greensboro on 12 May 1865.
Supposedly, William goes back to his Company because one year later, on 23 May 1864, he is captured at North Anna River in Virginia. He is sent to Port Royal and Point Lookout, Maryland shortly after his capture, and he stays there for close to a year.
What is unique about William's file is the letter included. It clearly shows William writing a letter to General Huffman on 7 April 1865 requesting to take the Oath of Allegiance "as quick as the arrangements can be made for that purpose." I have never seen one of these in a soldier's file. Arrangements, obviously, take a while to get straight because he doesn't take the Oath and get released until 13 May 1865.
37.) James M. Cox enlisted 10 June 1861 as a 20-year-old. There is no mention of him during his first year in the War, but on 26 June 1862, he is listed as being wounded. The nature of the wound is not mentioned, nor is the name of any hospital where he may have been treated. He appears as "absent" due to his wound through October 1862. Sometime after that, he apparently returns to his unit, but he doesn't stay out of the hospital.
On 29 November 1863, he is admitted to the Receiving and Wayside Hospital at Richmond with an unnamed ailment. His length of stay is not recorded, but he appears to be back with his Company at least by July 1864.
On 2 April 1865, James is captured at Hatcher's Run. Less than a week later, he is sent from City Point, where he was being held, to Hart's Island, New York. He stays there for just a few short months before taking the Oath of Allegiance and being released on 18 June 1865.
39.) Henry Craven, Jr. enlisted on 6 March 1862 as a 36-year-old. His file is relatively brief. It shows he was admitted to the Chimborazo Hospital No. 1 in Richmond with continued fever on 2 June 1862. He returned to duty on 24 June 1862. Then, a few months later, he is admitted to the General Hospital at Camp Winder at Richmond with a gunshot wound. One week later, he is granted a furlough for 30 days. There is no further mention of Henry with the Company after his furlough.
40.) Jacob Franklin Craven enlisted 25 February 1862 as a 20-year-old. He also had a fairly brief time in the War. By July 1862, he was sick in the hospital. In Henry's case, they show that he was at the General Hospital at Camp Winder in Richmond, Virginia. His diagnosis was typhoid fever. On 3 September 1862, he died at the hospital in Richmond. He was reported to have been engaged in five battles before his death.
41.) James Cross enlisted 29 January 1864. James' file is very small and very uneventful. It merely shows that he was "present" through the end of the War. It mentions no hospital stays or leaves. I wonder if he felt it was quite as uneventful.
He is listed as being "present" from July to October 1864. Then, on 23 February 1865, he deserts again! This time, they record that they send him on 24 February 1865 to the Army of the Potomac and Captain Potter, who was at City Point. He arrives at City Point and is immediately sent out again, this time to Col. T. Ingraham in Washington, D.C. Once reaching the Colonel, he takes the Oath of Allegiance and is transferred into the unit at Lafayette County, Illinois. I do not see any mention of him in any of the Union records online, but further research will need to be done to see what became of Thomas after he switched sides.
44.) Marcus Deal's involvement with the 22nd Infantry, Company M confuses me. According to his records, he enlisted 30 April 1861 with Company A of the 22nd North Carolina Infantry. He seems to be "present" with Company A for the entire War, but there is a single file marking him as transferring from Company M to Company A on 1 July 1862. All records aside from this one (all the way up until his parole at Appomattox on 9 April 1865) show him as serving with Company A, so I am unsure if this was a mistake, or if he really did serve in Company M some time between 31 August 1861 and 1 July 1862 when there is a gap in his records.
45.) William H. Dean enlisted 23 May 1861 as a 21-year-old into Company E of the 12th North Carolina Infantry. He was sent to Richmond sick by March 1862. In July 1862, he transferred to Company M of the 22nd North Carolina Infantry. There is no mention of why he transferred, but Company E seems to leave him on their rolls for quite some time after his transfer.
In September 1862, they list him as being "absent" due to being wounded. I do not find him in any hospital during this time period. I also don't find him "present" with Company M though. He is admitted to the Receiving and Wayside Hospital in Richmond on 28 July 1863 for an unnamed ailment. Then, sometime around July or August 1864, he is listed with Company E as being a "deserter."
I never actually see any records of him listed as being "present" with Company M, though he is listed as being a part of Company M during his time in the hospital.
The only other mention of William in his file is his parole on 5 May 1865 at Greensboro.
46.) J. E. Dollinger's time in the War was extremely brief. He enlisted with the Company on 1 July 1864. He was reported "killed in action" on 25 August 1864. There is no mention of a file from a family member to receive his missing pay.
He is, at some point, discharged because he is later admitted to the C.S.A. General Hospital at Danville on 24 September 1865. This time, his ailment is mentioned being debilitas. He stays at Danville for about three weeks before returning to duty. There is no other mention of Alex in the War again until he is paroled on 3 May 1865 at Greensboro.
Grandison's file also mentions that he "deserted once." It doesn't mention where or when.